The phenomenon of the indignant electorate, which was a decisive factor in elections throughout the world since the middle of this decade, is still in the fight, now in the form of demonstrations – some violent – the same in Baghdad, Port-au-Prince and in Santiago. And although the origin of each one of the mobilizations in the world today is different, their common denominator is that they have evolved towards asking for deep economic transformations. We can see in a very marked way in Chile – for example – demonstrations against neoliberalism. But it is not only against the neoliberal policies implemented in these countries, this has to do with the fact that these policies have not narrowed the inequality gaps. Thus, protesters feel oblivious to the benefits achieved by free trade and globalization.
And of course, these manifestations have the potential to, on the one hand, expand to other countries and, on the other, to continue generating regime changes and surprising governments. Just as at the time populist parties emerged that gathered the concerns of the first wave of this outraged electorate, this second wave of mobilizations could result in not only the fall of governments, but the emergence of parties both from the extreme right and from left in countries that had traditionally been oblivious to these political positions; As happened in Brazil.
Undoubtedly, in Mexico, this indignant electorate was a decisive factor for the triumph of Andrés Manuel López Obrador in the last elections. Although in Mexico there have been no manifestations of the size and proportions that in the rest of the world, Morena was the party that managed to rise with the flag of change in a country with great inequalities and with a long history of corrupt governments and – well – capitalize on this indignant electorate.
What we see, however, is that the electorate is not willing to wait for changes. After the disastrous Kirchner administrations in Argentina, the electorate voted for a change with Mauricio Macri. However, the slow changes of the Macri government to rebuild the country caused the electorate to give Kirchnerism the victory again.
This is a great lesson for Morena. The electorate is not willing to wait for the changes that shorten the inequality gaps. The same supports new political expressions that return to traditional parties, as happened in Spain. Nor will the electorate in Mexico expect the lopezobradorist government to generate profound changes, which was the reason they favored it in the voting. Today we see clearly that not fulfilling campaign promises is the main powder store to detonate mass demonstrations throughout the world. If the López Obrador government does not generate results in reducing inequality in Mexico, we could see manifestations of this draft before the end of its six-year term in our country.
Ricardo Solano Olivera, MSc.
Column originally published at https://laopinion.de/2019/10/29/la-segunda-ola-del-electorado-indignado/