The importance of the topic of cybersecurity for companies and governments is evident today . Both have benefited from technology to make their functions more efficient and their operations to be more user-friendly. However, our dependence on technology and the Internet makes many areas of our lives highly vulnerable to cyber attacks.
In 2014, Mexico began a campaign to digitize federal government operations. According to McKinsey & Company, the website www.gob.mx is a unique portal that gathers 34,000 databases of 250 government institutions and 5,400 public services. For example, official copies of the birth certificates and the Single Population Registry Code (CURP) can be obtained from this site.
However, the Mexican cybersecurity firm Seekurity, revealed that at least 16 government sites were compromised and those responsible for the administration of these sites have not realized. Various consequences can be derived from this action, since there is confidential information that is protected by the Personal Data Law.
The signature Seekurity indicates that “the most probable thing is that the hack has happened in the change of administration since nobody takes into account the inventory of the sites that are administered”. It is presumed that this attack was carried out by the North Korean hackers, better known as Lazarus Group. This group was involved in the robbery of 300 million pesos to the SPEI system against users in Mexico, Poland and Uruguay in 2018.
In Mexico, there was no cybersecurity strategy until 2017, when actions were taken by the government in conjunction with civil society groups, private organizations, and the academic community. Thus, the National Cybersecurity Strategy (ENCS) was consolidated in which strategic objectives are defined such as: society and rights, economic and innovation, public institutions, public security and national security. It is not yet clear if the administration of President López Obrador will continue with the strategy or if it will be modified and what the consequences will be at the diplomatic level with the North Korean government.