On May 26, the election days in the Member States of the European Union ended to elect the 751 MEPs of the European Parliament. Thus, it is worth reflecting on the meaning of these votes.
Who won? The Greens had notable victories in France, Germany, Holland, Belgium and Ireland, which places them as a fundamental actor to form a stable majority in the European hemicycle. This is due, in part, to the increased participation of young people in these votes, who gave greater weight to environmental concerns when deciding their vote.
The Greens, along with the Liberals, slowed the rise of the Eurosceptics. The Liberals went from 67 to 108 MEPs, which also makes them fundamental in the negotiations between social democrats and conservatives to form a stable majority.
The Eurosceptic forces also saw their support increased among the electorate, although it was possible to curb the dreaded barrier of 33%, with which they could have hindered the work of the Eurochamber. However, they achieved 25% of the vote, which gives them 168 seats in the hemicycle. This force is strong in countries such as France, Hungary, Italy and Poland. Although they are far from becoming a homogeneous force, since, for example, the Poles distrust the ties between the French and Italians with the Russians.
Are good news? The reality is that we will find a highly fragmented Eurochamber. Far are the legislatures dominated by Social Democrats and Christian Democrats, who, although still at the head of preferences, could not form a stable majority without allies. However, it is worth noting the increase in the participation of European voters, who total 425 million potential voters. This derived from the fact that events, such as Brexit, have put on the table the real possibility that the community bloc could disintegrate. This resulted, as mentioned, in the fact that in countries such as Germany, the Netherlands and Austria, the advance of ultra-right forces was slowed down.
The negotiations to form the stable majority required by the European Parliament and to know who will succeed the Italian Antonio Tajani , President of the European Chamber since 2017, still need to be seen . The truth is that the Greens are expected to charge their support for the formation of the stable majority and demand that their agenda be included in the work of the next legislature.
We will also have to be attentive to the negotiations to elect the new President of the European Commission. The conservative candidate for the position, the German Manfred Weber , has already declared that it must be his strength who occupies the position, for being the most voted; However, it remains to be seen how the majority is achieved in Parliament that allows, after being proposed by the European Council, the election of the Community Executive.
Ricardo Solano Olivera, MSc.
Column originally published at https://laopinion.de/2019/05/29/quien-gano-y-quien-perdio-en-las-elecciones-europeas/.